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Annual Reviews по журналам "Annual Review of Environment and Resources"

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  • Folke Carl; Hahn Thomas; Olsson Per; Norberg Jon (Annual Reviews, 2005-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  We explore the social dimension that enables adaptive ecosystem-based management. The review concentrates on experiences of adaptive governance of social-ecological systems during periods of abrupt change ...
  • Worrell Ernst; Ramesohl Stephan; Boyd Gale (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  New energy efficiency policies have been introduced around the world. Historically, most energy models were reasonably equipped to assess the impact of classical policies, such as a subsidy or change in taxation. ...
  • Kammen Daniel M.; Pacca Sergio (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  We review the economics of electricity generated, or conserved, from a diverse range of fossil-fuel, nuclear, and renewable energy sources and energy efficiency options. At the same time, we survey the methods ...
  • Parris Thomas M.; Kates Robert W. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Sustainable development has broad appeal and little specificity, but some combination of development and environment as well as equity is found in many attempts to describe it. However, proponents of sustainable ...
  • Wang Guiling; Schimel David (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Variability of the atmospheric and oceanic circulations in the earth system gives rise to an array of naturally occurring dynamical modes. Instead of being spatially independent or spatially uniform, climate ...
  • Bridge Gavin (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  This review critically surveys an extensive literature on mining, development, and environment. It identifies a significant broadening over time in the scope of the environment question as it relates to mining, ...
  • Lambin Eric F.; Geist Helmut J.; Lepers Erika (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  We highlight the complexity of land-use/cover change and propose a framework for a more general understanding of the issue, with emphasis on tropical regions. The review summarizes recent estimates on changes ...
  • Parkinson Claire L. (Annual Reviews, 2006-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Earth continues to have a third of the ice that it had at the peak of the last ice age, although that ice continues to decrease, as it has, overall, for the past 18,000 years. Over the last 100 years, the retreat ...
  • Gillingham Kenneth; Newell Richard; Palmer Karen (Annual Reviews, 2006-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  We review literature on several types of energy efficiency policies: appliance standards, financial incentive programs, information and voluntary programs, and management of government energy use. For each, we ...
  • Ezzati Majid; Bailis Robert; Kammen Daniel M.; Holloway Tracey; Price Lynn; Cifuentes Luis A.; Barnes Brendon; Chaurey Akanksha; Dhanapala Kiran N. (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Energy and energy technologies have a central role in social and economic development at all scales, from household and community to regional and national. Among its welfare effects, energy is closely linked ...
  • Gallagher Kelly Sims; Holdren John P.; Sagar Ambuj D. (Annual Reviews, 2006-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Energy-technology innovation (ETI) is the set of processes leading to new or improved energy technologies that can augment energy resources; enhance the quality of energy services; and reduce the economic, ...
  • Khagram Sanjeev; Ali Saleem (Annual Reviews, 2006-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  A broadening research program focused on environment and security emerged over the past 30 years. But the meaning and operationalization of environment and security have been an implicit and increasingly explicit ...
  • Fine James; Vuilleumier Laurent; Reynolds Steve; Roth Philip; Brown Nancy (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  This review evaluates analyses that are or may be performed to estimate uncertainties associated with air quality modeling used in regulatory planning to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone. ...
  • Ehrenfeld Joan G.; Ravit Beth; Elgersma Kenneth (Annual Reviews, 2005-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Feedback between plants and the soil is frequently invoked on the basis of evidence of mutual effects. Feedback can operate through pathways involving soil physical properties, chemical and biogeochemical ...
  • Sala Enric; Knowlton Nancy (Annual Reviews, 2006-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Marine biodiversity encompasses all levels of complexity of life in the sea, from within species to across ecosystems. At all levels, marine biodiversity has naturally exhibited a general, slow trajectory of ...
  • Dirzo Rodolfo; Raven Peter H. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Biodiversity, a central component of Earth's life support systems, is directly relevant to human societies. We examine the dimensions and nature of the Earth's terrestrial biodiversity and review the scientific ...
  • Asner Gregory P.; Elmore Andrew J.; Olander Lydia P.; Martin Roberta E.; Harris A. Thomas (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Managed grazing covers more than 25% of the global land surface and has a larger geographic extent than any other form of land use. Grazing systems persist under marginal bioclimatic and edaphic conditions of ...
  • Marteel Anne E.; Davies Julian A.; Olson Walter W.; Abraham Martin A. (Annual Reviews, 2003-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Green chemistry and engineering is the design of chemical manufacturing systems to minimize their adverse affects on the environment. Thus, a primary goal of green chemistry and engineering is to reduce the ...
  • Palumbi Stephen R. (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  The movement of individuals defines a spatial neighborhood that can help determine marine management strategies. Here, I briefly review four fields of marine biology that each differentially illuminate the scale ...
  • Fowler Cary; Hodgkin Toby (Annual Reviews, 2004-11-01)
    ▪ Abstract  Plant genetic resources provide the biological underpinning for agriculture and food production. No nation is independent in terms of these resources. Interdependence levels are high among countries. Policy ...